Working days versus working days: what are the differences?


All employees in France are entitled to five weeks of leave per year, paid for by their company. And this, regardless of their sector of activity and the nature of their contract, full-time or part-time. However, the calculation of paid leave involves many subtleties, the first residing in knowing how to differentiate working days from working days. Discover in this article the differences between taking leave on working days or on business days.

Working days: definition

Working days correspond to the days of the week, from Monday to Saturday inclusive. They do not include Sundays and public holidays. Therefore, there are 6 working days per week, excluding public holidays, which can be legally worked.

Working days: definition

Business days define the days on which a business is actually in operation. They therefore depend on the mode of operation of the company. Most commonly, businesses operate Monday through Friday, or 5 working days per week. However, some sectors, such as trade in particular, are also open on Saturdays. Their working days therefore go from Monday to Saturday inclusive.

What are the differences between working days and business days?

The main difference between these two concepts is whether or not Saturday is counted as a day of the week. They are also traditionally used in different contexts.

Working days are taken into account for the various counts of days that an employer must make for his employees such as paid holidays, illnesses, absences, etc. A week of paid holidays therefore counts 6 working days.

Working days relate more to a company’s contacts with its customers, suppliers or partners. They are, for example, taken into account to evoke a delivery time.

If you are uncertain about how paid leave is calculated in your company (in working days or in working days), remember to refer to your collective agreement.

How are paid holidays calculated in working days and in working days?

Paid leave in working days

When holidays are counted in working days, 6 days of holidays per week are calculated. In practice, when an employee takes a week off, he uses 6 days off.

2.5 days of paid vacation per month corresponds to a total of 30 days of paid vacation per year.

Paid leave in working days

The calculation of paid leave in working days is an adaptation of the calculation method to correspond to the reality of employees who work 5 days a week. In this case, the employee accumulates 2.08 days of leave per month and deducts 5 days of leave for a week off.


2.08 paid vacation days per month results in a total of 25 paid vacation days per year.

Working and working days in 2022

Do you want to know the number of working days and working days in 2022? We have calculated everything for you.

  • 365 days – 52 Sundays – 8 public holidays = 305 working days
  • 365 days – 52 Sundays – 53 Saturdays – 7 public holidays = 253 working days

Additional distinctions: clear days and calendar days

Clear days

A clear day has a duration of 24 hours and begins at 00:00 and ends at 23:59. A deadline expressed in clear days does not include the day of the decision at the origin of the deadline or the day of the deadline.

If a period ends on a Saturday, Sunday or a public holiday, it is carried over to the following day. However, it should not be confused, a clear day does not correspond to a period of 24 hours.

Example: You are notified on a Wednesday of a delivery within 3 clear days. The count of days begins on Thursday and ends on Saturday evening. The deadline should therefore be set for Sunday. As they do not count in clear days, your due date is therefore postponed to Monday.

calendar days

Calendar days count all the days on the civil calendar, from January 1 to December 31. This counting method does not take into account the days worked. Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays are therefore included in this calculation.

How can leave management software help businesses?

Calculating vacation days can be a tricky exercise, both for HR departments and for staff. It is necessary to take into account absences, staggered working days, RTT posed following days off or particularities for part-time contracts.

To avoid headaches and errors, leave management software is the best solution. It is the software that takes care of all these calculations for you, and thus makes the leave balance easily accessible to both employees and HR departments. It’s a real time-saver for all parties involved and rock-solid reliability.

Keeple is an ergonomic and easy-to-use software designed to help you calculate paid leave. Employees have access to their leave balance in real time, managers receive notifications of each new leave request. In addition, the tool automatically exports the data to the payroll software and avoids additional work for the HR departments. Keeple is therefore a solution that allows the company to gain transparency with its employees and to simplify leave management procedures .

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