Steel is one of the most commonly used construction materials. Without steel, the structure cannot withstand seismic tremors such as earthquakes. Steel structures are vulnerable to a variety of environmental conditions. Concrete designs are preferred over steel designs in many parcels. Steel is being used more and more in construction systems and civil engineering-related fields all over the world.
The use of steel in the development of structures became common practice; the weight of the structure material and the forces of gravity and pressure defined the structure’s endurance, the chance of stability, and architectural possibilities. Each steel structure has advantages and disadvantages. Today, we’re going to discuss its advantages.
Here are some of them:
Steel-framed housing helps you save money both during the construction process and in the years afterward. While wood may appear to be the less expensive building material, steel can be lighter and easier for tradespeople to carry and assemble, which helps to reduce building costs indirectly.
Because of its termite and fire resistance, your steel frame home will last a lifetime after it is built. You can even save up a lot of money by not having to keep termites at bay. When all of the advantages of steel framing are considered, steel provides better long-term value for money than timber framing and other construction materials.
When your home is made of wood, it will flex and warp over time. Steel, on the other hand, gives your home a more even finish because its weight-to-strength ratio is superior to that of any other building material. Plaster can ripple as a result of warped timber frame homes. And, as a result of moisture and expansion, nails may begin to protrude from the walls.
Steel will not split, warp, or swell along roofs, ceilings, or walls, preventing plasterboards from cracking or doors and windows from jamming. Steel, unlike timber, does not deteriorate over time, preventing catastrophic structural failures and ensuring generations of livability. Steel frame homes are more resistant to storm and wind damage in our harsh environment.
Timber-framed homes are prone to fire and extreme heat, as evidenced by the various bushfire tragedies that have occurred throughout the years. Not only do our steel frames resist bushfires, but they are also non-combustible and will not add fuel to fires.
Ember-proof frames slow the spread of a fire in a home or community. While some timber products have a high fire rating, they degrade over time. Steel, on the other hand, retains its properties, providing you with peace of mind now and in the future.
After a bushfire, steel framing can mean the difference between repairing your home and completely rebuilding it. And if you’re concerned about lightning, don’t be. Steel forms positive grounding, allowing energy to enter and dissipate. Steel frames aid in reducing lightning damage.
This may seem counterintuitive at first because if you weigh a 2×4 of wood and a 2×4 of steel, the steel will weigh more due to its density. However, when it comes to framing, the design of a steel I-beam almost always results in it being lighter than the lightest, strength, and stability of wood beam design. Steel I-beams are lighter in weight than glulams, LVLs, and Parallam beams.
Aside from reducing the labor required to construct with steel, the lighter weight advantage lowers material shipping costs and simplifies the design of a building’s foundation and other structural support systems, which can further decrease project budgets.
Steel structures can be easily built and disassembled using various methods such as welding, bolting, or riveting. Because this reduces the time required to construct a temporary structure, professional steel fabricators use steel for temporary structures. This is also advantageous when you need a strong structure in a short period of time.
One of the most obvious benefits of using steel in construction is its ability to span greater distances with steel ceiling joists. This allows engineers to broaden their options, allowing them to create new/large spaces with steel products that were previously unavailable.
Steel structures are highly recommended for large span and heavy structures that are suitable for all types of industrial buildings. Lower floor-to-floor heights are simple to build with staggered trusses, girder slabs, and castellated beams. Steel allows for extremely long open spans that would be impossible to implement in concrete or with wood support.